Do The Recent Changes At Richemont Herald A New Watch World? An Industry Insider Presents Some Hypotheses
by Anonymous Industry Insider
A longtime watch industry insider who wishes to remain anonymous wrote the following article about the recent changes at Richemont, presenting some insightful commentary and hypotheses on the near future of haute horology.
A Nobel prize laureate wrote in 1964 that, “The times they are a-changin’.”
It is now 2017, and the locus of the changes in the horological world is a company known as Compagnie Financière Richemont SA.
These changes began last year: in March 2016 the company announced that joint chief executive officer Bernard Fornas would retire. Then in November 2016 Richemont disclosed that CEO Richard Lepeu, 64, and chief financial officer Gary Saage, 56, would retire in 2017. Eight other directors would step down, and two new managers would be appointed to lead watchmaking and operations.
The “new managers” are men who have managed to get ahead of the field at Richemont, where they have worked for a long time. One is Georges Kern, until the end of March 2017 CEO of IWC, after which he will become head of watchmaking, marketing, and digital. He will be replaced at IWC by Chris Grainger-Herr.
The other is Jérôme Lambert, current CEO of Montblanc and previously CEO of Jaeger-LeCoultre; he will be head of operations at Richemont. Nicolas Baretzki moves up out of the Montblanc structure to replace him.
Just the beginning
Those changes were just the beginning. In late January, following the end of SIHH 2017, Richemont announced that four brand CEOs would be leaving their positions.
Philippe Léopold-Metzger of Piaget and Juan-Carlos Torres of Vacheron Constantin will retire; Léopold-Metzger’s announced replacement is Chabi Nouri, who will take control of her new position on April 1, 2017.
Vacheron Constantin’s new CEO is Louis Ferla, who has been the managing director for sales and marketing at the brand since 2015. He has extensive education and business experience in Hong Kong, Taiwan, and China. Both Torres and Léopold-Metzger become non-executive presidents as of March 31, 2017.
Daniel Riedo of Jaeger-LeCoultre and Fabrizio Cardinali of Alfred Dunhill have “decided to leave” their positions. In a sense, none of this should be surprising, including the fact that Richemont CEO Johann Rupert has acted decisively.
Richemont publishes neither performance nor other financial information regarding its brands separately. But, reading between the lines of the departures, there appears to be no real surprise here. The executives of Richemont brands that apparently have done well have advanced, while those of brands that may have struggled have left.
Kern had taken a niche technical brand (IWC) and turned it into a powerhouse with a large diversity of product offerings, mostly in the sporty luxury segment.
Lambert revitalized Montblanc with clever and well-priced new products.
On the other hand, Piaget and Vacheron Constantin both suffered from the downturn in business in China, with their new products often seeming to miss potential market opportunities.
Riedo (see Got A Minute? Daniel Riedo, CEO Of Jaeger-LeCoultre), who was tasked with running Jaeger-LeCoultre after two years in JLC’s production and 12 years at Rolex, may have had other difficulties. Richemont already showed some displeasure at his performance when it appointed an unprecedented deputy CEO in 2016.
Riedo was apparently unhappy with that appointment and did what he could to limit it using corporate politics; the deputy CEO left some six months ago, and it comes as little surprise that Riedo is now out the door. Kern will lead this brand in the interim.
And what of Fabrizio Cardinali at Dunhill? Let me ask you this: what have you heard about Dunhill of late? I thought not.
Cardinali will be replaced by Andrew Maag, most recently at Burberry.
But what does this all mean for Richemont?
Here are a few educated guesses.
1. There will be more, better-coordinated marketing for all brands. Kern believes that people buy watches for emotional reasons, and that the brands will uniformly appeal more in that setting.
Take IWC’s booth at the 2017 SIHH, which was the recreation of a Florentine palazzo. The company was very obviously selling dreams, luxury, and romance – particularly to women (given the new feminine products), but also with the new and sometimes technical Da Vinci watch offerings.
Expect more of that by other brands.
2. There will be significantly more e-marketing.
It is worth noting that Kern is head of “watchmaking, marketing, and digital.” Note that digital is not grouped under marketing and that watchmaking and marketing now go hand-in-hand.
E-marketing can be efficient since it is less costly and can reach broader markets.
3. There will be more lower-priced models offered by Richemont brands, at least relative to their current price points.
Vacheron Constantin’s product strategy in particular needs a change. Despite a watch recession and a shrinking China market, Vacheron Constantin’s new models at SIHH 2017 were generally more complicated and more expensive.
It’s easier to sell lower priced watches than higher priced ones. Expensive ones will be “talking pieces” or will still be produced to maintain market positions.
On the whole watch retail prices have risen astronomically in recent years, and there needs to be an adjustment. Maintaining market share is more important now than out-of-sight prices that sell in very limited quantities.
4. Consequently, there will be more steel watches and perhaps some with less “haute horology” movements. It appears that, except for niche markets such as expert collectors, movements don’t sell watches.
ValFleurier, Richemont’s stand-alone movement manufacture, will produce cost-effective movements for many basic models. There will be an internal push toward improved industrialization.
5. There may be more limited editions for some brands, especially those targeting particular markets.
This strategy has worked well for IWC and also for some non-Richemont companies like Audemars Piguet. It is consistent with marketing development and also e-marketing.
6. As a wild guess, there will be a new emphasis on the secondary or “certified pre-owned” market.
Like automobile dealers, the Swiss watch industry needs to wake up to the fact that, to sell a new watch, the consumer first might want to sell an old one.
Providing more liquidity, especially in an Internet context, should further promote new watch sales.
7. There will be a renewed emphasis on broadening markets.
There will be more women’s watches, more focus on broader geographic markets, and broader appeals to non-watch clientele. This might mean that watches will become even more like “fashion items” than at present, but that might be avoided if the integrity of product is maintained.
In a sense it appears this could be a logical extension of the status quo with some broader marketing.
But actually it involves a paradigm shift: in five years’ time the market for fine watches will have totally changed.
Far more sales will be online to a different consumer demographic.
A new world approaches.
Also published on Medium.