Meet The Spaceman: A Popular Fashion Watch Of the 1960s And 1970s That Was Almost Forgotten In A Drawer
My headline above reads almost like a newspaper headline. And so it should; it’s big news because the Spaceman, a famous pre-quartz-era fashion watch, was a big deal at the beginning of the 1970s. A full decade before Swatch was founded, this automatic watch in non-precious metal became highly fashionable, today easily marking the time period in which it was created.
The Spaceman started with Felix W. Huber. Longtime followers of horology likely know Huber as the modern owner of Zeno Watches, known for affordable pilot-style watches.
Huber has been around this industry for a long time – since 1964, as a matter of fact – and early on he already had a good eye for what he could sell. A designer himself, he knew good design when he saw it.
One day, Huber was visiting a business acquaintance who was rummaging around a drawer looking for some papers. Huber did not tell me the name of this acquaintance when I visited him many years ago, but after reading a new book – Retro Watches by Mitch Greenblatt and Josh Sims – it might well have been Claude Lebet of Catena.
Huber spied a watch in the drawer and immediately asked what it was. The man replied that it wasn’t anything good and tried to put it back into the drawer. But Huber wouldn’t hear of it. He took another look at it, didn’t think of the risk for one second, and immediately said, “I’ll make 5,000 of that.”
Though the man was doubtful, he gave Huber the watch, and the rest, as they say, is history.
André Le Marquand and The Spaceman
This watch was the Spaceman. And its designer wasn’t Huber, but none other than André Le Marquand.
Twenty years ago, Le Marquand was a well-known name in the watch industry, but pre-Mechanical Renaissance Monsieur Le Marquand was not yet famous. It was the Spaceman that brought him renown as a watch designer.
Le Marquand was born of a British father and a Swiss mother in 1930. He was educated in art in England and Switzerland, later becoming an Anglo-Swiss architect and designer. After spending time abroad as a young man, he is now permanently anchored in Switzerland.
Le Marquand’s love affair with designing watches began when the Catena watch brand built a new factory at the same time that Huber had the distribution rights for Catena. Catena’s owner, Lebet, and its director, Francis Bourquin, asked Le Marquand to create a fresco in the fresh mortar of the building. And then he took on a new design challenge when he was asked by the Catena team to design a watch.
Le Marquand designed the Spaceman as a tribute to the conquest of space in 1969 (perhaps not so coincidentally the same year David Bowie’s “Space Oddity” came out), obviously quite inspired by these celestial events that so ruled the day in that era.
He went on to design other famous watches, eventually founding his own Swiss watch company, Orama SA, in 1978, becoming most well known for Side Watch. Europa Star reports Le Marquand retiring in 2005 and the company coming under new ownership of Cédric Le Marquand.
What is the Spaceman?
The Spaceman has been on display at New York’s Museum of Modern Art as well as the renowned MIH watch and clock museum of La Chaux-de-Fonds.
What makes this watch so special is the mix of different elements that had until then not been seen together. Quartz watches had not yet taken over, and today it seems almost indecent to put an automatic movement into a fiberglass and chrome case. However, Le Marquand dared to dream and Huber had the wherewithal to make it into reality.
The Spaceman’s blend of ovals, curves, and straight lines was just right, touching a nerve in a hip watch-buying public. It was a polarizing watch: people generally either hated it or loved it at first sight.
Its Hesalite crystal, semi-conical and domed, is partially covered by a piece of colored metal, matching the hue of the dial and serving two functions.
First, it covers a part of the dial, leaving only the vital displays visible. Second, combined with the crystal itself, it quickly and easily reminds one of an astronaut’s helmet. This is surrounded by an oval piece of shiny chrome-plated brass, forming a type of bezel and framing the watch.
The entire watch is housed in a pod-like case of white fiberglass, a revolutionary material in 1969, and can be seen from the sides as it stands up on the wrist, leaving the impression that the entire timepiece is the shape of a flying saucer.
The case measures 50 x 42 mm and is 18 mm in height, but despite that it is a comfortable fit – even on my very small wrist.
The strap is a triple-split Corfam band (a trademarked, synthetic, microporous material by DuPont used as a leather substitute) stamped with the word “Spaceman” on the underside. Its color matches that of the dial and the helmet piece.
The dial shows the time with bright-orange hands, and some models (like the one shown here) displayed the day and the date. Depending on the edition, these displays are powered by an AS 2063, 2066, 1913, 1916, or 5206, or, less frequently, an FHF 96 or 96/4.
AS (Alfred Schild) and FHF (Fabrique d’Horlogerie de Fontainemelon) were taken over by Ebauches SA in 1978, which later became ETA. Neither AS nor FHF movements are in production any longer.
The original oval Spaceman, which was available in six different colors, was followed by the audacious Spaceman Audacieuse in 1974 and the Spaceman Carré in 1977, both of which were also designed by Le Marquand.
The Audacieuse is rectangular and features a chromium-plated steel bracelet or a leather strap, which may have been lacquered. The third series was introduced in 1977 and had a digital mechanical movement. A fourth series, appearing in the same year, comprised two LCD timepieces. The popularity of these sequels, however, never reached that of the original oval timepiece.
The 40,000 original oval Spacemen were sold in Switzerland as of 1969 by Huber for 196 Swiss francs (according to today’s exchange rate, between $150 and $200). Many, many, many editions followed, specially manufactured for distributors in various countries such as Australia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Italy, the U.S.A., and the United Arab Emirates.
Peter Doensen, author of the book Watch, wrote that a total of 150,000 Spacemen were sold by 1982. Between 1985 and 1995, Huber sold about 15,000 more pieces to new-old stock dealers.
Some of these are still floating around the internet, although they are now harder to get. But if you’re lucky, you might be able to purchase one for about $200-$300.
I’m lucky: I have already secured mine.
Author’s note: There are conflicting dates of Spaceman manufacture on the internet, which often show an introduction date of 1972. I have my information directly from Felix Huber; it is possible that the information on the internet comes from one correct or incorrect source that has been perpetuated. Either way, I cannot verify one over the other as being gospel so I present the facts as I have them. The Spaceman was manufactured and/or distributed by a range of different Swiss brands; this is correct (and usual for the time). And it is possible that the 1972 date emanates from one of these other manufacturers. It is also possible that the Spaceman did not reach the Basel Fair until 1972, which would also be a plausible explanation. The design was registered in 1969 in the USA and 1970 in Switzerland, verifiable on the patents.